Rocks, hydrocarbons & their interactions

The reservoir can be divided into two sections (1) Rock (2) Fluid, whole reservoir engineering revolves around these two elements and their interaction at different pressure and temperature conditions. These interactions are further complicated by injecting different fluids to pump out residual hydrocarbons from the reservoir (EOR techniques).

Rock properties mainly consist of fundamental questions of porosity, permeability and saturation determination. While fluid properties are the determination of fluid thermodynamic behavior. First by measuring the composition and then using EOS (equation of state) models to predict behavior at different pressure/temperature conditions.  Finally, rocks and fluids are combined to determine their interactions, as properties of both of them can change when they are combined and the world becomes more complex/interesting once rock & fluid are combined. For example:  when flow occurs in nanopores (due to variation in density near the walls) critical points of fluid changes. Similarly, relative permeability changes due to slippage of molecules on the pore walls. In some unconsolidated sands rock compressibility changes drastically (Ekofisk, Norway). Along with the change in individual characteristics of the elements (rock/fluid), the combination results in the definition of newer properties like surface tension, capillary pressure etc. Finally, Once enough data is available about the system reservoir modeling is done using geostatistical techniques and mathematical simulations are used to predict future behavior of reservoir.

Engineers have three different methods to “MEASURE” these properties at different scales (a) Core analysis (b) Well-logs (c) Well-Tests (pressure/rate transient). But, countless empirical correlations & methods (generally, adopted from chemical engineering) exists to “CALCULATE” combined properties of rocks, hydrocarbons & their interactions.

This site deals with newer methods and models which can be envisioned so measure/calculate these properties using laboratory experiments/theoretical laws.

Reservoir Signals

Rethink, Reanalyze and Renew

Why subtle noises can be gold for reservoir characterization?

What Different Reservoir Signals can be measured?

Is only pathway to gather information about reservoir is : WELL…or can information be gathered by some other ways also??

Non Destructive Testing : Do we really need to core the well and waste our MONEY!!

http://www.eecs.mit.edu/news-events/media/properties-physical-objects-seen-through-visual-microphone-technology

 

“SCOUT” system for Reservoir performance prediction in deepwater Gulf of Mexico

scout

Drilling an offshore well is a costly affair. Risk and uncertainties need to be properly quantified before starting  expensive projects. SCOUT presents a new suite of software to properly manage these risks and uncertainties, guiding reservoir engineers in decision making process from reservoir exploration to management. The SCOUT job is to understand what’s going on in the subsurface by mapping various terrains, Identifying potential geological objects in the field. The scout hopes to learn from past behavior of field using combination of petroleum engineering and  innovative machine learning algorithms. But above all scout wants to predict well and reservoir behavior at any location, as accurately as possible. Advantages of using SCOUT is having good judgement, making good prediction. Ultimately minimizing risk and uncertainties associated with upstream exploration and production from a reservoir engineers perspective. Using SCOUT system. The user can fly across Gulf of Mexico seabed in 3-D. While enabling various geological features and recovery factor prediction at location where new wells are planned. Figure given below provides the snapshot of areal view which can be viewed in 3-D using SCOUT system. For more information please contact : priyank.srivastava@ou.edu

Reference Paper : SPE-181024

scout